Comparison with Camel Quarkus and Camel Spring Boot GraalVM Native

Today, we show two ways to compile a Camel application to native image and compare their performance: Camel Quarkus and Camel+Spring Boot+Spring Native for GraalVM.

In both cases, the sample application uses the camel-openapi component and Camel REST DSL to illustrate a simple REST services. Here is the source code:


  • Maven 3.6.2+
  • JDK 11
  • GraalVM 20.3.0

If you have not installed GraalVM 20.3.0, please download from GraalVM Releases at first and get native_image by using

gu install native-image

Also, refer to GraalVM native-image manual if you get problems.


  • Quarkus 1.11.0.Final
  • Camel 3.7.0
  • Spring Boot 2.4.0
  • Spring Native 0.8.3

Build the native images


Building a native image on Quarkus is as easy as issuing ./mvnw package -Pnative:

git clone
cd camel-quarkus-openapi-example
export GRAALVM_HOME /path/to/graalvm-ce-java11-20.3.0
./mvnw package -Pnative 

Note that you do not need to care for configuring GraalVM native-image tool at all. Quarkus does it all for you under the hood.

SpringBoot native

To build the Camel SpringBoot application, I had to make some changes to run with spring native library. The steps are as follows:

git clone
cd camel-spring-boot-examples
git checkout camel-spring-boot-examples-3.7.0-graalvm
cd camel-example-spring-boot-rest-openapi
export GRAALVM_HOME /path/to/graalvm-ce-java11-20.3.0

I used the native-image-agent to get the graalvm configuration files. I had to run the application with the agent attached and send some requests so that the agent can record which classes need to get registered for reflection, etc.

Here is what I did:

$GRAALVM_HOME/bin/java -agentlib:native-image-agent=config-out-dir=src/main/resources/META-INF/native-image -jar target/camel-example-spring-boot-rest-openapi-3.7.0.jar

and run curl to send some requests.

curl http://localhost:8080/api/api-docs
curl http://localhost:8080/api/users

native-image-agent outputs the configuration when the test application terminates. I have checked in the configuration to git so that you do not need to perform those steps yourselves.

You can also check to find the native-image command to compile the SpringBoot app.

Performance comparison

As a result of the the previous steps, we got two native executables (camel-quarkus-openapi-example-1.0.0-SNAPSHOT-runner and camel-example-spring-boot-rest-openapi).

Now we can use the script to collect some numbers.

Here are the results on my Lenovo P50 laptop

Runtime Time to first response Disk Size Resident Set Size
Spring Native 196ms 98M 152204K
Quarkus Native 82ms 97M 61784K

We can see that Camel Quarkus native is about 2x faster than SpringBoot native to startup. The Quarkus application also occupies less RSS memory. Camel Quarkus moves more initialization tasks from runtime to the build time. That’s the reason for faster startup time and lower memory footprint.


I’d like to thank Peter Palaga for his reviewing and the outstanding suggestions.